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Op-ed

The world arms sales market

Giancarlo Elia Valori New data from Sipri’s Arms Industry Database, released last December, show that arms sales by the world’s twenty-five largest defence equipment and military services companies totalled 361 billion dollars in 2019. This is an 8.5% increase in real terms in arms sales compared to 2018. …

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A global strategy for sustainable development

Giancarlo Elia Valori The years 2020 and 2021 will go down in history as the two-year period of the Covid-19 pandemic, a global health catastrophe which, although less severe than the two great pandemics of the 20th century – the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918-1920 and the Asian …

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Islamophobia and Western World

“How Islamophobia developed in west and how it built track towards influencing life of common man?” In this research paper we are going to conduct a research on Islamophobia, its causes, its impact. First aim is to define and explain phobia. Define and explain  Islamophobia. Its main causes. …

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Ethics and economics to save society

Giancarlo Elia Valori Deep rifts are tearing through the body of our society. They cause new anxiety and anger among people and create new currents in politics. The social basis of this anxiety includes geographical, educational and ethical factors. People are not born to earn a lot of …

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New START and the Prospects for Weapons Limitation in Russian-American Relations

Evgeny Buzhinsky Now that the New START Treaty is extended, the parties need to make efforts to work out a realistic new agreement that takes into account as many of the parties’ concerns as possible, but it should not set impossible tasks as a precondition, writes Valdai Club …

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Winter 2021 Economic Forecast: A challenging winter, but light at the end of the tunnel

Europe remains in the grip of the coronavirus pandemic. The resurgence in the number of cases, together with the appearance of new, more contagious strains of the coronavirus, have forced many Member States to reintroduce or tighten containment measures. At the same time, the start of vaccination programmes …

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Environment and development: a Copernican revolution to shift from ‘defensive’ environmentalism to propulsive ecological transition

Giancarlo Elia Valori On November 17, 2018, at 7.30 a.m., near the Paris métro station of Porte Maillot, several hundred people – all wearing the motorcyclists’ yellow reflective vests and waistcoats – started a protest demonstration against President Macron’s government. The protest then spread to the entire French …

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Relations between the United States and Iran (1953-2021)

Giancarlo Elia Valori Why do the United States and Iran keep on fighting each other? The dispute between the United States and Iran began 68 years ago. Since then, new developments added from time to time. In 1953, the U.S. intelligence agency CIA, together with the British MI-6, …

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Radicalisation in the EU: What is it? How can it be prevented?

Radicalisation is a growing cross-border threat. But what is it, what are the causes and what is the EU doing to prevent it? Radicalisation is not a new phenomenon, but it is increasingly a challenge, with new technologies and the growing polarisation of society making it a serious …

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